2. Темы по английскому

Beauty saves the world

Modern world seems to be possessed by the idea of beauty. But people are likely to forget that the notion of beauty may have two different (and even controversial) interpretations. The first one is connected with appearance, and the second one is more profound and important. I do not deny the importance of some outer […]

Space Exploration

The launch of the first artificial satellite of the Earth gave a start to the new space era on the 4th of October, 1957. The humankind experienced new emotions and realized the new possibilities that space technologies could offer. Some years later such ideas as satellite broadcasting were implemented, and in 1961 the first cosmonaut […]

Famous Travellers: Cousteau

Jacques-Yves Cousteau, a French marine explorer was born in Bordeaux in 1910. He was born to a family of a lawyer, Daniel Cousteau, who was of Belorussian origin. He moved to France and changed his Belorussian surname ‘Couste’ to the French ‘Cousteau’. In 1920 the Cousteau family moved to New York, where Jacques-Yves learnt English […]

Great Scientists: da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci is the most outstanding figure of the Italian Renaissance. He is an example of a ‘universal man’ who possessed multiple talents: he was not only a great representative of art as an artist, a sculptor, a musician, a writer, but also a great architect, technician, engineer and inventor. Leonardo was born not […]

Writers: Shakespeare

W. Shakespeare was born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon to a family of a successful glover and an alderman. He got a good classical education at a local school and started writing his own plays somewhere in the 1590s. Shakespeare’s popularity grew in 1597–1598 after his 5 novels had been published. He became one of the […]

Inventors and Inventions

Inventive mind is a special quality and all people possess it in some degree. I think everyone is ready to create something when he really needs it to make the work simpler and faster. But few do it in reality, because the world today is full of inventions and appliances of different kinds. The history […]

Living in a Flat

Envy belongs to the seven deadly sins. That is why I try not to envy people who live in their own houses. But sometimes I can’t. It is better to say that I do not envy them in the traditional understanding of this word, I simply admire any private houses, no matter where I see […]

Living in a House

I have lived in a house for all my life. I can say that I would never change it for a flat. Do you know why? Because my home is my castle, as the proverb says. I have always felt safe here, I have always realised that my home is a considerable part of my […]

Genealogical Tree

I think no one will argue with the statement that it is vitally important to remember the past. The history of the state you live in is profoundly studied at schools and universities, and the history of your family is not less important either. How many generations of your family are well-known to you? Have […]

Mobile Phones

Do you remember the day when you first used a mobile phone? I do. At that time it seemed to be something special, but at present it is an ordinary thing we do not pay much attention to. Smartphones started a new era in communication. The abundance of functions in these devices makes them more […]

Body Language

Body language compared to any other means of communication is a unique way to transfer information. It contains the so-called ‘hidden information’. If you want to make sure that you fully understand someone, just put together verbal and non-verbal (not involving or using words or speech) communication. If the words don’t accord with the gestures, […]

Seven Wonders of the World

When we speak about the wonders of the world, we generally imply the ancient list of the most remarkable creations of classical antiquity. Today new lists are made to emphasize the importance of the objects that have survived up to the present days. The classic seven wonders were: Great Pyramid of Giza The only of […]

Wildlife

How many times have you been to the zoo? Do you like circus animals? I don’t like such things. The planet today is not suitable for living. We don’t speak about people only, but about animals too. There are so many extinct species, that no one would ever think, that it may have been possible […]

The USA

The United States is first of all a highly developed society in the modern world. Its history began long ago. Columbus was the first to explore the unknown land, though nobody believed in its existence. He came to the shores of America in 1492, but the first settlers came here in 1565. The years passed […]

The United Kingdom

The UK includes four countries: Northern Ireland and Great Britain, which is subdivided into England, Scotland and Wales. This union has a long history, and we can’t say that it’s a firm structure, but still due to political and economic reasons we call it the UK. The UK is located on the British Isles, which […]

Dream Destinations: Australia

What do you know about Australia? Of course, it’s situated in the southern hemisphere, the seasons are different from those in the northern hemisphere: when we have summer, they have winter and the other way round. Australia used to be ‘Terra Australis Incognita’, translated as ‘Unknown Southern Land’ from Latin up to the 18th century. […]

Language and Travelling

Have you ever been abroad? It’s a typical question that we use when we study the Present Perfect. But it’s an important question. If we speak about summer holidays, people mostly go to the South. And they will say a few words about their trip to Egypt or to Turkey. There are quite a lot […]

Phobias

The word ‘phobia’ comes from Greek (‘φόβος’ — ‘phobos’ — ‘fear’). Quite a lot (or even the majority) of people have phobias in a certain degree. Some of them even do not know that they have phobias, but in some particular situations. There is an opinion that the problem of subconscious fears lies somewhere deep […]

Cars

When I remember what my city looked like ten or fifteen years ago, the first thing that occurs to me is the lesser number of cars. Now you come up to the doorway (if you live in a block of flats) and see a car standing right in your way. Vehicles are parked on the […]

Superstitions

Superstitions are the best thing to talk about. Really they are. I am not a superstitious person and I don’t know much about this sphere of life. That is why I searched for some special superstitions on the Internet and had a lot of fun. Superstitions are the same thing as astrology for me personally. […]

The Problems of Youth

Come up to an aged person and ask him or her a question: ‘What is youth?’ And you may hear an answer: ‘Youth is the spring of life’. Ask the same question a 35-40-year-old person. And you’ll probably hear: ‘I haven’t thought much about it yet. I’m sorry I have to go’. And a teenager […]

Climatic Changes

I believe anyone knows that weather forecasts have never been reliable. There are so many stations for meteorological observations all around the world. There are hundreds of satellites orbiting the Earth, but we still can’t be sure of the weather tomorrow. No one knows what it will be like. The same may be said about […]

Where are we going?

‘Cogito ergo sum – I think therefore I am’ – these words belong to René Descartes. We are born to think. Though the present consumer society imposes different views on people. ‘Just buy, live to buy. Buy as much as you can and even more!’ – this is the motto of our life today. And […]

Gardening and farming

People who live in the country or at least who have country houses where they spend their vacation and holidays have a wonderful opportunity to live in unity with nature. Townspeople do not often understand the striving for gardening and agricultural work. For thousands of years people lived in smaller groups than they live now, […]

Online Shopping

I do not remember exactly what I first bought online. Wait… It was a book on programming which I found only on the Internet and which was not available in ordinary bookstores. I needed it so much that I purchased it without any hesitation. It was really unusual in those days. I didn’t pay for […]

Shopping

I belong to the group of people who do not like shopping at all. When I try to remember whether I found it interesting a few years ago, I cannot find a definite answer. Some time ago I used to buy things I didn’t really need, especially different gadgets and appliances. Now I realize that […]

Money

There are quite a lot of definitions of the word ‘money’. The generally accepted one is: ‘Money is a good* that acts as a medium of exchange in transactions’. Let’s try to think what money really means in our life. If we take a closer look at the word itself, we will find out that […]

Photography

The word photography may be translated from Greek as ‘drawing with light’. Since cameras first appeared in the first half of the 19th century, photography has come a long way and the equipment we have today is really fast and simple to use. I suppose everyone has a digital camera at present, no matter where […]

Street Art

The attitude to street art depends on what we understand as ‘street art’. Walking along the streets of any city or town we often see graffiti on the walls of the buildings. It always hurts my eye when I notice a dark splash or spot on a snow-white freshly painted wall. It is still worse […]

Origin of Art

People of the world have always had an aspiration to create something eternal that can live for centuries. Art is the greatest heritage of the past, wealth of the present and a lighthouse in the future. Art has a unique ability to concentrate human experience and to express it in a concise way, no matter […]

The Art of Painting

‘Art is long, life is short’ – we all know these words which date back to the fourth century B.C. Since that time they have acquired even greater importance. Wikipedia gives the following definition of art: …a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts – artworks, expressing the author’s imaginative […]

Art and its meaning

Man does not live by caviar alone. I. Shaw. Nightwalk What makes a human being a human being? No doubt it’s our cultural needs. Here lies the major difference between a man and an animal. Animals don’t need art. Some monkeys, dolphins, elephants are capable of drawing, but it isn’t art. It’s just their physical […]

Education

‘Everything is good in its season’. We use this phrase in connection with anything, but education. Education, to be more precise, the level of education is a universal and eternal value. Striving for knowledge is an inalienable right and natural aspiration of a human being. Education takes its origin in the discrepancy between your present […]

Languages and their importance

Chekhov said: ‘You are the man as many times, as many languages you know’. Really, learning foreign languages contributes greatly to the development of the personality and makes people look at the surrounding world more widely. Let’s try to find reasons proving that learning a foreign language is vital: 1) You have already started learning […]

Music

‘Music is the universal language of mankind’, – said once Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Music is not only a kind of art but also a kind of universal language. You can’t learn all the languages in the world, but you are able to understand music. Music helps when the words are not enough. I don’t play […]

Cinema and Theatre

Many people believe that cinema and theatre are somehow opposed to each other. Theatre is ‘old art’ and cinema is ‘new art’. It’s not at all like this. I think it silly to argue about this question. Let the first like theatre and the second like cinema. I don’t belong to one group only. I […]

Sport

We often say ‘A healthy spirit is in a healthy body’. It’s so simple but nonetheless so concise and so obvious. Sport is an important part of healthy life. The human body was not originally designed for sitting in a stuffy office. A human being was created for some physical activities, and people didn’t seem […]

Hobbies: Fishing

There is a good saying: ‘The time that you spend on fishing is not subtracted from the time of your life’. So theoretically one can increase his life by two or even more times simply going fishing and spending half a week at the water. As for me, I can stay by the water for […]

My Household Chores

I do not exactly remember how old I was when I realise that it was necessary to help the family. I simply started doing what my parents and grandparents did. Even at that time it was never difficult for me to throw the litter in the dustbin or take dirty dishes to the kitchen and […]

My Room

I am really happy to have a room of my own. My parents allowed me to create my world inside it when I was a small kid. Since then it has changed a lot, but I still feel that I want to come back here again and again. I do not mean that I have […]

Going on a Picnic

Going on a picnic is a good way to spend free time. It is especially popular in summer when the weather is warm and sunny. Most people go by car to some remote places where they can have a good time with their families and friends. When I have an opportunity to get out of […]

My favourite film

It’s not an easy thing to choose one favourite film from a wide range of films. Once I mentioned that I like the historical genre. And I would like to tell you about ‘Brave Heart’ starring Mel Gibson. I believe that many of you have already watched this film. It was shot in 1995 and […]

Clothes and Fashion

Clothes have become an important part of our life since the moment people started making them. I suppose fashion has always existed as a notion, but has never been so important as it is today. Nowadays we have an opportunity to think of luxury goods, whereas people in the past had to think how to […]

My Favourite Season

When someone asks me about my favourite season, I never know what to say. Really, each of the four seasons has advantages and disadvantages. To tell the truth I don’t like the transitions between seasons, as the weather gets changeable and it usually rains or there is sleet and slush. Summer seems to be the […]

Social Networks

The communication in the conditions of present-day Zeitnot (German for shortage of time, time trouble) is the sum of telephone conversations, internet-messengers, which gain or lose popularity and, of course, social networks. The surrounding world sometimes gets aggressive, and the psychology of a ‘hobbit’ begins to dominate people’s consciousness. It means that somebody wants to […]

TV in My Life

I have never been a couch potato. I have not either belonged to the group of people who like to have their TV-sets switched on just in the background. I remember that I liked to watch cartoons and TV shows in my childhood. And the only thing I still remember is advertisement. The older I […]

The Internet

If you are interested in the technical aspects of the Internet and want to know how and when it appeared, you may read any resource. On the Internet. Or in a book in Information Technology. I would like to speak more about the way it influences people and our life today. Can you imagine your […]

Workaholism

Workaholism is a kind of addiction as we may understand it from the word itself. An addiction to work. Some people can’t get the thoughts of work out of their heads even when they come home to say nothing of other places. They simply can’t stop. What do they do it for? There may be […]

Smoking

The attitude to smoking has changed several times since the days when it was brought to Europe. Originally smoking a pipe was an Indian habit, which meant sealing a peace treaty. Though smoking was used not only in ceremonies but also in everyday life there. So seamen spread the idea of smoking in Europe. Later […]

Subcultures

Subcultures are a relatively new phenomenon, which first appeared in the XX century. Some people say that bikers may have been considered a subculture since the moment first motorbikes were invented. Others believe that hippies were the pioneers in this regard, when their movement started in the United Kingdom and the United states in the […]

Leisure

What does the word ‘leisure’ mean for you personally? There may be two answers. The first one is that leisure is equal to rest. And on the other hand leisure is a period of time when you can do something that you like and it is useful for you. More and more people choose to […]

Generation Gap

Generation gap has always been a problem since the moment the humankind appeared. Of course, it may not be equally important in all the families of the world, but very often the question of difference in views and tastes arises. It is quite possible that you have experienced it by yourself. What does the generation […]

Choosing Presents

How often do you have to choose presents for your family and friends? I am sure that it really is a great problem. The consumer society has imposed the idea, that people need more and more goods. It is just an illusion. The less things one has the happier his life is. I didn’t say […]

Books. Reading

There are so many proverbs and sayings about book and reading, but the one I have found recently seems to be the best. ‘Those who read, will always control those who watch TV’. It is quite modern and it can’t be called a quotation, as there is no definite person to quote. Really how many […]

New Year in Russia

New Year is one of the most favourite holidays in Russia. First of all it is a family holiday, which means that people have an opportunity to gather and exchange the news, to speak about the latest events, to share their joy with the relatives. New Year is a time for giving and getting presents. […]

My Winter Holidays

Do you like winter? I don’t like it very much. The only thing I like about winter is New Year and the long holidays I have in January. We never go abroad or somewhere else because we always spend New Year with the family and friends. I have always waited for the last day at […]

My Summer Holidays

Summer holidays are a special period of time that all the pupils and students wait for. It is vitally important to take a breath after nine months of hard work. I am personally always exhausted by the end of April, and the last month is the time of great expectations and plans for the summer. […]

The Person I Admire

Everyone has people he admires. Though the admiration itself may be different in its nature. One can take some person as an idol. One of the Commandments says: ‘Thou shalt not make thee any graven image’. I don’t have any idols, but I have several people I really respect and admire. I don’t understand those […]

Food and Cooking

‘A man lives to eat and eats to live’ – these are the words of a saying. How many times have you asked yourself if food is really important for you? And what is more substantial – the quality or the quantity? As for me, I am not a gourmet. I believe that simple food […]

My Pet

I remember the days when I was a little kid and dreamt of a pet. Just like other children. I dreamt of a dog, a puppy that would be my friend. I imagined how I would take it out for a walk, how we would play together, how it would bark at me when I […]

My Future Career

When young people start to think about their career, they imagine a very pleasant picture of the future. But as they get older they face real life and its objective difficulties. Having graduated from the University a young specialist doesn’t have many ways out. The simplest one today is to become a manager in an […]

School

  School is a place where we spend a lot of time. Maybe even too much. For some people school is a way to entertain themselves, spending nine or eleven years with friends. It may also be considered punishment from above. Other students like school, because it’s an inexhaustible source of knowledge. Anyway it is […]

My Daily Routine

  Let’s not begin the story with the usual words ‘I get up at seven o’clock’. Ok? I’d rather say that my day begins right after the clock strikes twelve at midnight. So I go to sleep at around half past twelve or a little bit later (let’s say not later than 2 o’clock), then […]

The UK (7 класс)

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is an island satet in Western Europe, separated by the Strait of Dover and the English Channel from the continent. The UK consists of four parts: England (with its capital — London), Scotland (Edinburgh), Wales (Cardiff) and Northern Ireland (Belfast). Nearly 64 million people live in […]

My hobbies (7 класс)

I can’t imagine my liofe without my hobbies. Having a hobby is an important thing, because it lets you relax, you get to know something new and finally you are in piece with yourself and the whole world, and it seems more and more important in our constantly changing world. As for my hobbies I […]

Christmas in Italy

Christmas is an important religious holiday in Italy. Though, today only 20% of the population are believers. So it is not only a religious holiday but also a public holiday. The Christmas season lasts for 3 weeks in Italy (december, 17th — January, 6th). Italian Christmas traditions have much in common with other European countries, […]

Темы по английскому языку: Explanation of the title and the main idea of the book by S. Maugham “The Painted Veil”

The epigraph, chosen by S. Maugham himself can practically account for the title of the book. But really, what does “The Painted Veil” mean? There can be probably several answers to this question, but in my opinion, that painted veil is the lives of the main characters – they are also multicoloured, full of events, […]

Topics in English: Environmental problems (Темы по английскому: Проблемы окружающей среды)

Environmental problems People say that we should protect the world we live in. It’s our home, our wealth. But these are only words. And the world today really needs actions. Actions of everyone of us. From childhood on we hear: «Don’t throw away rubbish». Is it enough? It would be enough, if the world around […]

Topics in English: Mass Media (Темы по английскому: Средства массовой информации)

Mass Media Mass media plays an important role in our present life. It has become one of the most powerful and wide branches of reality. Its function is not only to highlight important events, but it even influences politics greatly. Mass media includes the press, the television and the radio. The Internet has firmly established […]

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